all perfectly know what is going on in the world with the health emergency that
the Coronavirus has brought but unfortunately not all of us are really aware of
the importance of knowing how to deal with the situation, knowing that we
should not minimize the effects this could bring and to do anything in our
hands to protect ourselves and to not risk anybody else.
are certain basic aspects we have to know about Coronavirus, understanding in a
better way what’s happening, and not falling into the panic that the disinformation
causes, which is what is really worrying.
This is a virus that spreads through aerosol
sprays, this means that sick people cough or sneeze and liberate small
“particles” contaminated with the virus, and these could land on other
surfaces. How can you get sick? You can get infected if you’re too close to
somebody who’s already infected (1.5 meters approximately) and their “aerosols”
land on your face, or if you touch something contaminated (with areosols from
somebody sick) and you put that contaminated hand in your face, because the
virus enters through the mucous membranes, which are eyes, mouth and nose. The
virus does not enter through the skin, as a matter of fact, the skin acts like
a barrier that protects us from something entering our body.
How can we prevent? Understanding the previous
point, it’s only natural to say that in order to prevent you must avoid being
too close to a sick person, washing your hands constantly in case you touched
anything contaminated, and avoid touching your face with your hands without
having washed them previously. Using antibacterial gel throughout the day also helps.
that if you cough or sneeze, cover with the inner part of your elbow so you
don’t leave these “aerosols” in your hands and then stick them in objects. This
is why it’s important to remember to not shake hands, kiss or hug each other. We know that this is a habit we do
automatically but we must have this in mind to avoid making this kind of
Now let’s understand the symptoms. The most
common are dry cough and fever, but also fatigue and breathing difficulty can
be shown, if you believe you may have the virus, first call your doctor
and have a medical consultation over the phone before leaving your house. We have to understand well the symptoms and know how
to identify them. It is diagnosed the following way: Suspicious cases
(following the criteria of the symptoms, having been out of the country into a
risk zone or having had direct contact with someone who’s been confirmed as
sick, among other criteria), take a sample with a “special Q-tip” in nose and
throat. That sample is analyzed and all the diseases we do know are being
searched first, it means, all of them but the new Coronavirus. Why? Because
they first have to rule out that you don’t have any of the many other known
viruses that can cause respiratory diseases. If you test negative to all the
known viruses, then it’s probable that you have the “unknown” virus, meaning
the new Coronavirus and here’s when your sample will get analyzed against
Coronavirus specifically. This will be done by the hospital you’re in and besides,
that sample will be sent out to the INDRE, the national agency referred to give
any official confirmation.
Do all positive
Coronavirus cases have to get admitted in the hospital? No.
of the sick people only show mild symptoms that can be taken care of from your
own home, isolated so you don’t go spreading it to the world, with phone
supervision from your doctors. The remaining 20% should be treated under
isolation in the hospital, due to respiratory difficulty or a very low oxygen
saturation, among others. Only 3-5% of the sick people in the world have shown
severe cases. Most of the half of the infected people in the world has already
So why not going straight to the Coronavirus
tests to everyone sick, like they do with influenza? Simply because there are
not enough. This is a global crisis and there are not enough specific tests,
therefore they cannot be “wasted” on any patient with respiratory symptoms and
turn out to be any other virus.
And what about a vaccine and treatment? There is no vaccine yet, and
neither a specific treatment. But literally, the whole world is working on it,
let’s hope that in a near future we’ll have these options and everything will
be more bearable, but for now, what we can do to take care of ourselves is to
listen to what the official media and health centers have to say and stay home
if it’s not really necessary to go out, avoid social gatherings and physical
approaches, and most of all, stop spreading mass hysteria, not passing
information that is not official or trust worthy. The best weapon against fear
is real information.